At three of these, vis., Bisambhara, Dotana, and Jalal-pnr, they even slightly
out number the Hindus.
The predominant Hindu castes are Jats, Jadons and other Gaurua, i.e.
spurious, Tbakar tribes. There are also a considerable number of Gujars,
though these latter have now in every place ceased to be proprietors. They
muster stronger In the adjoining pargana of Chhata, and were ringleaders of
disaffection during the mutiny. In consequence^ eight of their villages — Majhoi
and Ram-pur In Kosi, Bas&i, Hiisaini, Jatwari, Karahri, Kliursi and UjhanI
in Chhata — were confiscated and conferred on Raja Gobind Sinh. They had
previously disposed of their fonr other Chhata villages, Chamar-garhi, Dhimri
Gnlal-pnr and Pir-pur, to the Lala BabtL The course of years has not reconciled
the ejected community to their changed circumstances, and so recently as the
29th of September, 1872, the widowed Eiinf s agent, Jay Ram Sinh, was in
result of a general conspiracy, barbarously murdered at night while sleeping in
the Jatwari cJtaupdL Six of the murderers were apprehended, and, after
conviction of the crime, were sentenced to death, but one escaped from the jail
before the sentence was executed.
In the year 1857, the period, during which there was no recognition of
government whatever, extended from the 12th of July to the 5th of December.
With the exception of the Giijars, who assembled at Slier-garb and distinctly
declared themselves Independent, there was little or no ill-feeling towards the
British Crown expressed by any class of the population ; though many persons
tool: advantage of the favourable opportunity for paying off old scores against
ill neighbours, and especially for avenging themselves on their natural enemies,
the patuxbis, or village accountants, and Bohrds, or money-lenders. Thus
there was a pitched battle between Eathana and the adjoining village of B&nswa
mGnxg&on; the patwaris at Barha and Bisambhara had all their papers des-
troyed ; at PSkharpur, Ganga Dan, bohra, was plundered by the zamindars of
EMona and SIrthak ; at Kotban, Dhan-raj, bohra5 was only set at liberty on
payment of a ransom ;' and at Little Bathan, Lethraj, bohra, after seeing all his
papers seized and burnt, was himself put to death. The J4ts of Kamar, after
plundering Moti Ram, bohra, proceeded to turn the police out of the place, and
raised a flame which spread across the border Into the adjoining district • but
they afterwards atoned for this Indiscretion by the assistance which they gave to
the Deputy Collector, Imdad Ail, In suppressing the Gojars.
flie trees most commonly found growing wild in the pargana are the nim
&a ptU> while every piece of waste ground (and there are several such